China, Trade, and Technology

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China plans to impose a 25 percent tariff on imports of us -manufactured solar cells - but the world's biggest manufacture of solar cells now imports few of the cells used to make panels that generate power.

China has threatened to slap import tax on about $60 billion of us imports, with tax rates ranging from 5 to 25 percent, the country's commerce ministry said on Friday, calling the proposed tariff "rational and restrained".

A dip in auto exports and rising oil prices in June drove the biggest increase in the U.S. trade deficit in 19 months, reversing much of May's export bonanza, the government reported Friday.

In terms of actual tariffs, or any other "trade" measure, the Trump-Juncker announcement was mostly a public relations stunt for both parties created to placate their domestic critics. The Chinese duties ranging from 5 percent to 25 percent will be levied on 5,207 kinds of American imports, the Ministry of Finance said in a statement on its website.

"After years of rebuilding foreign countries, we are finally rebuilding our country", said Trump, who tweeted about how he is using tariffs to negotiate fair and reciprocal trade deals before the rally. On Friday, the Ministry of Commerce described its planned response: four different types of tariffs on $60 billion of USA goods.

Trump's measure of success at his OH speech appeared to be how much tariffs are hurting China.

China's proposed import tax is the latest in a tit-for-tat trade war between the two countries, which started in March when Trump signed a presidential order imposing tariffs on at least $50 billion in Chinese goods.

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"We've been ripped off by China for a long time", Trump declared during the interview. "China, which is for the first time doing poorly against us, is spending a fortune on ads and PR trying to convince and scare our politicians to fight me on Tariffs - because they are really hurting their economy", he wrote on Twitter.

U.S. spirits and wine giant Brown-Forman has said it will increase the price of Jack Daniel's and other whiskeys in some European countries, according to media reports.

Second, the US wants China to purchase at least $100 billion more in US goods, mostly from Midwest US agribusiness and manufacturing. This year so far, China's CSI 300 index, representing major stocks listed on the country's two exchanges (Shanghai and Shenzhen), has fallen by more than 17 percent, while Tokyo's Topix index is down just four percent.

Signalling the nation's readiness to respond to higher tariffs threatened by Donald Trump on $200bn of Chinese imports, officials in Beijing said countermeasures were ready and waiting for the next move from Washington.

"Instead of retaliating, China should address the longstanding concerns about its unfair trading practices", Sarah Sanders, White House press secretary, said on Friday.

For example, he claimed that China was financing advertisements to convince Americans to stop Trump's trade agenda. From Apple to General Motors, a long list of large US enterprises have transferred extensive operations to China and could be vulnerable to any response from Beijing. Mnuchin is more in favour of coming to an agreement that would bring about a reduction in the United States deficit.

The irresolvable nature of these positions means that whatever talks, negotiations and manoeuvres may take place, the objective logic of events is towards intensification of the trade war and ultimately military conflict.

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