Prime Minister Narendra Modi shakes hands with Chinese President Xi Jinping during their meeting in Qingdao, China on 9 June, 2018. Iran applied for full SCO membership in 2008 but was denied on the grounds that it was under United Nations sanctions, an obstacle alleviated by President Obama's nuclear deal in 2015.
Before leaving for the summit, Modi said he he was "excited to lead the Indian delegation for our first-ever meeting as a full member" of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and said would talk to its leaders about a "wide range of subjects".
The prime minister also met Shavkat Mirziyoyev, the president of Uzbekistan and discussed ways of deepening ties between the two countries.
"For us China and India can play more active role in today's world in promoting multilateralism, against unilateralism, to promote free trade and also cooperation on counterterrorism, extremism and separatism", he said.
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Noting that China and India have reaped quite a few early-harvest outcomes in implementing the consensus reached at the Wuhan meeting, Xi said the two sides should make persistent efforts to accelerate the implementation, maintain strategic communication, expand economic and trade cooperation, promote people-to-people exchanges and enhance coordination and cooperation on global and regional affairs. Agreeing that Pakistan-China relations are a pillar of stability, the two presidents reiterated their resolve to maintain close engagement on all issues of regional and global importance.
The Indian foreign secretary agreed, saying the talks were "underpinned by the spirit of the Wuhan summit".
Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale said on Saturday that India's position on the BRI "is spelled out", that India "supports all connectivity initiatives but they should be keeping in mind territorial sovereignty, integrity" as well as viability and sustainability in all areas.
Another significant development was that Modi and Xi agreed to identify a project in "capacity building" in Afghanistan on which the two countries can work together.
In a significant move, China on Saturday agreed to provide India hydrological data of the Brahmaputra River in flood season, months after Beijing stopped the practice, crucial to predict floods.
Two bilateral agreements were signed at Qingdao by the Indian and Chinese sides. "And both leaders made very positive assessment of the Wuhan summit", he said, adding both the leaders agreed to keep open the strategic communication. "Their first meeting will be held this year", Gokhale said.