"We have three healthcare workers infected, and one who is being reported as of yesterday, as having died", said Deputy Director-General Salama, warning that those who take care of patients are at greater risk of being infected and could pass the virus to others.
The Nigerian Centre for Disease Control says it has sent out letters to the 36 states of the federation, asking them to increase surveillance as the Ebola Virus Disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo claimed 16 lives.
The outbreak is in the market town of Bikoro in the north-west of the country. "If you live or work in a forest where bats roost, you may have the bad luck to be in touch with bat guano from an infected animal".
According to Dr. Matthew Tut, the Director of Emergency, Preparedness and Response at the health ministry in South Sudan, the areas where Ebola was declared are far from former Western Equatoria which is bordering DRC.
It is nearly certain that we won't see a repeat of the 2014-16 West African epidemic that claimed 11,000 lives, but healthcare experts needs to act swiftly, nonetheless. The number reflects 2 lab-confirmed, 14 suspected, and 18 probable cases. We don't know what causes these species jumps, which makes predicting Ebola outbreaks nearly impossible. "Due to its huge swathes of forest, the DRC is a reservoir for the virus, making the country particularly susceptible to outbreaks of Ebola", he says. Unfortunately, there are no approved drugs to treat Ebola, although a vaccine has been tested in humans with some success.
The scaling up of the latest response has been much quicker and looks much different than that in West Africa's outbreak, Salama said. We are in close communication with our partners including the World Health Organization, who are in Congo to monitor and respond to the situation.
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The researchers found that there were no Ebola cases among the 5,837 vaccinated people 10 days or more after getting vaccinated.
During the 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, there were four reported cases of the Ebola virus reaching the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control.
During the outbreak in May 2017, several organisations partnered with local authorities in the DRC to rapidly scale up its operations.
This would be the ninth known Ebola outbreak to strike DRC, including one that involved five confirmed cases a year ago.
The current vaccine against Ebola is said to be experimental and not a licensed product.
Although the DRC is resource poor, along with the WHO, MSF and Africa CDC, they are experience rich.