Himid's art focuses on themes of cultural history and reclaiming identities. In 2017 Himid had solo shows at Modern Art Oxford and Spike Island in Bristol and participated in Nottingham Contemporary's The Place is Here survey of 1980s black artists.
The Preston, England-based artist was awarded the 25,000-pound ($34,000) prize at a ceremony in the English city of Hull.
The victor is Lubaina Himid, an artist, and art teacher born in Zanzibar, Tanzania, 63 years ago, whose colorful paintings stand out for treating racism and the legacies of slavery.
The jury applauded four nominated artists for their socially engaged and visually imaginative work.
And what's more, unlike the other three artists on this year's shortlist, Himid doesn't work and live in London, or any other European capital. Himid won the day for her "uncompromising tackling of issues including colonial history and how racism persists today" and her influence as a curator and professor as well as a visual artist, according to the statement.
The prize's panel said they admired Himid's "expansive and exuberant approach to painting which combines satire and a sense of theatre".
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"This year we opened the prize up to artists of all ages, recognising that breakthroughs can happen at any point in an artistic career", said the Tate's director, Maria Balshaw.
In the past, the prize has been viewed as a vehicle for younger artists, but it has moved in a new direction this year, with two nominees over 40 and the other two short-listed artists in their 50s and 60s. Hurvin Anderson, Andrea Büttner, and Rosalind Nasashibi were also shortlisted for the prize; each will receive £5,000 (or about $6,700).
Founded in 1984, the annual Turner Prize is regarded as the UK's most important art award.
The jury for the prize comprised Dan Fox, a co-editor of Frieze magazine; critic Martin Herbert; Mason Leaver-Yap, a moving-image scholar at the Walker Art Center and an associate curator at the KW Institute for Contemporary Art; and Emily Pethick, the director of the Showroom gallery.
An exhibition in Hull's Ferens Gallery showcasing the nominees work, which organizers said has been visited by over 90,000 people since opening in September, runs until January 7.